Category: Research Summary
Published Date: 2021-10-17
Covid-19 that originated in Wuhan, China in December 2019 has made an unprecedented impact all over the world. However, based on previous research and studies, it has been seen that the impact is disproportionately higher on the poor in developing countries. The impact of covid-19 on the poor can be seen in the three dimensions. First, infection-related vulnerabilities such as health impacts due to a congested and unhygienic environment; insufficient treatment in an inadequate medical system; Second, lockdown-driven vulnerabilities such as job loss; return migration; suspension of remittances; and third, school closure related vulnerabilities i.e., learning loss; school discontinuation risk; child marriage for girls.
In response to the coronavirus pandemic, the Bangladesh government announced the closures of schools in mid-March 2020. 78 weeks later, experiencing one of the longest coronavirus shutdowns in the world, all schools and colleges are reopening in phases that began on September 12, 2021. Various studies have been conducted to understand the scope and scale of the long-term impact of the long school closure on the country’s millions of children in terms of learning loss, deterioration of mental health, increasing child labor, and child marriage. Poverty, family stress and tension, and violence against children and women have increased. Social and economic inequalities and educational disparities have widened from the pre-pandemic level.