The publication of Copernicus’s model in his book De revolutionibus orbium coelestium (On the Revolutions of the Celestial Spheres), just before his death in 1543, was a major event in the history of science, triggering the Copernican Revolution and making a pioneering contribution to the Scientific Revolution.

Nicolaus Copernicus was born on 19 February 1473 in the city of Toruń (Thorn), in the province of Royal Prussia, in the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland.

His father was a merchant from Kraków and his mother was the daughter of a wealthy Toruń merchant.Nicolaus was the youngest of four children.

Nikolaus Kopernikus.jpg

The “Toruń portrait” (anonymous, c. 1580)
Born 19 February 1473

Thorn, Royal Prussia, Poland
Died 24 May 1543 (aged 70)

Frauenburg, Royal Prussia, Poland
  • University of Kraków (1491–1495)
  • University of Bologna (1496–1500)
  • University of Padua (1501–1503)
  • University of Ferrara (DCanL, 1503)
Known for
  • Heliocentrism
  • Quantity theory of money
  • Gresham–Copernicus law
Scientific career
  • Astronomy
  • Canon law
  • Economics
  • Mathematics
  • Medicine
  • Politics
Academic advisors Domenico Maria Novara da Ferrara
  • Aristotle
  • Averroes
  • Euclid
  • Haly Abenragel
  • Regiomontanus
Influenced Johannes Kepler
Nicolaus Copernicus signature (podpis Mikołaja Kopernika).svg

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